The ANTCLIFF family
by Veronica Antcliff
updated 16th October, 2001


The Antcliff family can be traced back as far as the early nineteenth century to Richard Antcliff and Sarah May.  No record has been found of Richard’s birth or of their marriage.  Baptism records show that they had 5 children namely

1.Mary baptized 6.8.1813 Langford, Nottinghamshire.  Langford is a small village just to the north of Newark Upon Trent and approx 20-25 km NE of Nottingham city.

2. Henry  baptized 6.10.1815 Mansfield, Nottinghamshire. Mansfield is a largish urban area just to the west of Sherwood Forest and approx 20km north of Nottingham city.

3. George born 19.11.1818 baptized 22.11.1818 Mansfield

4. Sarah Mary baptized 19.7.1821 Nottingham St Mary

5. Marsha baptized 18.6.1823 Nottingham St Mary.  Nottingham St Mary is the largest of the three parishes in central Nottingham and covers the area around the lace market.

At this stage it is not known when Richard or Sarah died. However it is reasonable to assume that Richard died before 1832 as his name is crossed out on the List of Persons Entitled to Vote in the Election of Members for the Borough of Nottingham in Respect of Property Occupied within the Parish of St Mary in the Town of Nottingham. The nature of his qualification was a house situated in Mansfield Street, the main thoroughfare heading out of the centre of Nottingham in a northerly direction. A handwritten note on the record next to the printed word house says left but unfortunately it is impossible to decipher the handwrittten note next to his name.  A search through all the other lists of voters in the Borough of Nottingham in 1832 does not reveal his name being added anywhere else.

The First reform Act of 1832 extended the vote from 500,000 to 800,000 men out of a total adult male population of out 6million in England and Wales.  In other words only one man in seven and a half had the vote.

Richard Antcliff was a publican/victualler although the names of any licensed premises with which he was associated are not known.  Publicans were traditionally required to take in dead bodies as well as live travellers.  In 1824 the body of Lord Byron (minus heart which was left in Greece) rested at the Antcliff residence on its way to his burial place at Newstead Abbey just south of Mansfield.

The family later moved to an address in Nottingham St Nicholas “a small parish of 500 yards x 250 yards bounded on the west by Brewhouse Yard, the Castle Wall, Standard Hill, General Infirmary and Park Row; to the north by Chapel Bar, Angel Row and Beast Market Hill whence its boundary including the greater part of Friar Lane passes in irregular line behind Friends Meeting House, Sandemanian and Independent Chapels across Castlegate to Greyfriargate down which it passes to the River Leen. Principal streets are Walnut-tree Lane, Greyfriar-gate, St Nicholas St, Castlegate, Houndsgate, Park St, Rutland St, St James St, Mount St, Park Row and Spaniel Row” (Glovers Directory of Nottingham 1844) i.e. the area on either side of the present day Maid Marian Way. When George Antcliff appeared before Nottingham Quarter Sessions in July 1832 his address was given as Parish of Saint Nicholas.

By the time of the 1841 Census no members of the family with the surname Antcliff are still living in the Parish of Nottingham St Nicholas.  George was in Australia, Henry was in the Birmingham area, and the whereabouts of other family members is not known.

There is no entry for Richard Antcliff or any other Antcliff in Deardons Directory of Nottingham and Adjacent Villages 1834 (which contained an extensive list of innkeepers/hotels/taverns/victuallers) or Glovers Directory of Nottingham 1844.

Nothing further is known  about the three girls so the two boys will be looked at in turn.

Henry ANTCLIFF (1815-sometime after 1870) was a ships engineer who worked on the “Great Eastern” the huge steamship designed and built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel which was the largest ship in the world at the time. It had five funnels and six masts and had to be launched sideways into the Thames at Milwall.  It worked unprofitably on the Atlantic passenger route and in 1865-6 helped lay the telegraph cables across the Atlantic and not long after that was broken up for scrap.  The names of other ships on which Henry worked are not known.

Henry married at least three times.  Henry first married Sarah Whitehouse on 3.10.1836 at Sedgley, Staffordshire. They had a daughter named Sarah May who was baptized on 25.2.1838 at Saint Bartholemew’s Church, Wednesbury, Staffordshire. Sarah married a 24 year old jeweller named Joseph Hill on 11.2.1861 at the Parish Church, Handsworth, Staffordshire.  Letters written by Harry Herbert Antcliff while on convalescent leave in England  during W.W.I refer to visiting a Miss Hill who was a daughter of a son of a stepsister of Richard and Harry Antcliff. At the time of the 1881 Census Joseph and Sarah Hill were living at no. 2 Victoria St, Harborne, Staffordshire with three of their children, Sarah A aged 16, Martha M 7, and Benjamin T 4. Joseph’s occupation was phosphorous manufacturer and daughter Sarah A was a domestic servant. The children’s birthplaces reveal that the family had previously lived at Oldbury and Warley in Worcestershire.

On 18.10.1850 35 year old Henry, who stated he was a bachelor, 35 married 23 year old Rebecca WITHERS at the Parish Church, West Bromwich, Staffordshire.  Henry and Rebecca had 4 children namely

1. Richard James born 6.3.1853 at the back of Pope St, Edgebaston, Division of Ladywood, Birmingham, Warwickshire baptized 2.12.1855 St John Deritend & Bordesley, Warwickshire. Died 26.6.1904 Brisbane, Australia.

2. Harry Richard born 1855 baptized 2.12.1855 St John Deritend & Bordesley, Warwickshire.

3. Annie born 14.11.1858 died 21.6.1943 Buried Hatfield Hyde Burial Ground, Welwyn Garden City Urban District plot no. 694

4. Rebecca born 26.5.1860 died 1951 or 1952 aged 91.

The family lived in Roebuck Street, West Bromwich next door to their maternal grandparents George and Mary Withers who owned an iron safe manufacturing business. The 1861 Census reveals that Rebecca was a dressmaker. There was no head of household as Henry was away at sea.

By the time of the 1871 Census, Rebecca was dead and the family had been split up.  Henry was in New York when he heard of his wife’s death.  No record can be found of the death in the St Catherine’s Index but it would have occurred in 1869 or 1870 as the youngest child Rebecca was aged 9 at the time. She ended up working as a scullery maid in London after an inebriated relative gave her away to a man he met on a train. Her father retrieved her when he returned from new York. It is believed that Annie had been taken by some well off relatives and this arrangement was not changed by Henry. The two boys moved in with their grandmother Mary Withers who at the time of the 1871 Census was a widow running the Withers family safe manufacturing business and employing 12 men and 7  boys. Also in the household was her youngest child (Aunt) Lizzie Winkle. Only Richard appears in the 1871 Census at that address but letters written by Harry Herbert Antcliff after visiting Aunt Lizzie Winkle during convalescent leave in England during WWI talk of both Richard and Harry living with Aunt Lizzie Winkle. Mary Withers died in the first quarter of 1872 aged 66.Richard was living in Roebuck Street at the time of his first marriage. Nothing is known of Annie’s whereabouts at this time.

Henry’s third wife was a Colman of the Colman’s Mustard family of Norwich, Norfolk.
 
Henry’s descendants live in various parts of Britain and Australia.

George Antcliff (19.11.1818 – 8.7.1882)

George is the ancestor of most of the Antcliffs in Newcastle, Australia.  He was transported to Australia in 1837.  His convict record in Australia shows 1 prior conviction.  Nottingham Quarter Sessions records for the July Sessions 1832 reveal that this was for the felonious offence of stealing 2 books of the value of three shillings from Alfred Barber on 19th May 1832.  Deardons 1834 Directory of Nottingham lists Alfred Barber as a Printer, Bookseller, Stationer and Bookbinder of Long Row Nottingham, a street on the northern edge of Nottingham St Nicholas, the parish in which George lived. There was a co-offender named John Brewer.  As punishment both were sentenced to 6 calendar months in the House of Correction.

The House of Correction stood on the corner of Glasshouse Street on the site of an ancient convent of hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem.  A new wing was added in 1806, a treadmill in 1826 and a new drop for the gallows in 1831 (previously executions took place on Gallows Hill). In July 1832 the House of Correction contained 30 males and 3 females under sentence of imprisonment for felony, 36 males and 10 females under sentence of imprisonment for misdemeanours, 4 males and 1 female for trial at the sessions for felony, 6 males for trial at the sessions for misdemeanours, and 4 males were being held for further examination on suspicion of felony or misdemeanour, a total of 94 prisoners. The building had space for 24 male felons, 60 males convicted of misdemeanours, 12 males charged or on suspicion of felony, 10 males charged or on suspicion of misdemeanours, 9 male vagrants and 33 females.  The prisoners wore red and brown uniforms. There was a separate Town Gaol which had a capacity  of 32 males, 12 females and 16 debtors.

At the start of the July 1836 Nottingham Quarter Sessions George Antcliff appears in a list of persons on Recognizances to be of Good Behaviour (i.e. good behaviour bonds).

George Antcliff arrived in Sydney on 8th May 1837 on the ship Prince George which sailed from Torbay, Devon on 14.1.1837 carrying 250 convicts. His convict record states that he was aged 19, could read and write, was Protestant, single, was a Labourer of Nottingham (the same occupation as in 1832), had been tried at Nottingham Quarter Sessions on 20 July 1836 for stealing chairs (perhaps this should be Nottingham Assizes as the date is not correct for the Quarter sessions and there is no record of him appearing at any Quarter Sessions for this offence) and was sentenced to transportation for 7 years.  He was described as being 5ft 9 ins tall, dark and freckled with dark brown hair, hazel eyes and having marks of a blue streak on his upper and RASA and anchor on his lower right arm. The anchor was a symbol of bonding to the parents and RASA are his parents’ initials. The section for his Colonial History is blank. In the Muster of Convicts in N.S.W. as at 31st December 1837 George is recorded as working for the Engineers department at Lansdowne Bridge. This two-lane sandstone convict built bridge, one of the oldest in Australia, is still carrying traffic in one direction along the Hume Highway at Lansvale near Liverpool in Sydney. Government employees did not get Tickets of Leave.  George Antcliff never got a pardon. On 30.5.1844 he was granted  a Certificate of Freedom.(no. 44/0831)  It would appear that he served his sentence in full.  According to Robert Hughes in “The Fatal Shore” the Government kept those convicts who could read and write, to work for it, rather than granting them tickets of leave to work for other employers.  It is also true that towards the end of the period of transportation the government released fewer convicts on tickets of leave.

At some stage George must have moved to the Windsor area, as he married Martha Turner at St Matthews Church of England Windsor on 19.4.1847.  The witnesses to the marriage were Martha’s father William Turner and her uncle James Ingram (husband of her mother’s sister Elizabeth Allen). Martha was 14 when she, her parents William and Rebecca, and siblings Jonathon 16, William 9, Frederick 6, Elizabeth 4 and Joseph 1 month who died on the voyage, migrated to Australia from Carr Green, near Barnsley, Yorkshire to live with her grandfather John Allen at Windsor.  They sailed on the “Elizabeth” which departed Liverpool 3.10.1843 and arrived in Sydney on 20.1.1844.John Allen was sentenced to transportation for life at York Assizes on 10.3.1810 (the crime is not specified but there was a co-offender named David Lindley) and arrived in  Sydney on the Admiral Gambier (2) on 29.9.1811. He was given a conditional pardon on 5.6.1815 and by the time of the 1822 general Muster he was a landholder at  Windsor. The 1828 Census is more specific and records that he was aged 52, Protestant and a farmer of Cornwallis.  Cornwallis is the area of lowlands/flood plain between St Matthews Church, Windsor and the R.A.A.F Base Richmond.  John Allen died of old age at Windsor at the age of 84 on 9.9.1860, a little over a year after his grand-daughter Martha . Martha died of Phthisis at West Maitland on 25.8.1859 and was buried the following day in the Church of England Cemetery, Campbells Hill, Maitland. On her death certificate her mother’s maiden name is wrongly stated to be Rebecca Linley (It should of course be Allen).

George and Martha Antcliff had 5 children namely

1. Richard born September 1847 at Windsor. Died 21.3.1860 when he drowned in the Hunter River, West Maitland whilst in a fit of epilepsy.  An inquest was held on 22.3.1860 and he was buried in the Church of England Cemetery, Campbells Hill, Maitland in the same plot as his mother.

2. George born 11.4.1850 West Maitland.  Baptized 12.5.1850  St Marys Church of England, West Maitland. Died 9.1.1851. Buried 10.1.1851

3. Sarah May born 1.4.1852. Baptized 25.4.1852 St Marys Church of England, West Maitland. Married Tobias Miller 1876.  Buried 12.6.1923 Church of England Cemetery, Campbells Hill, Maitland.

4. Henry born 25.5.1855. Baptized 16.6.1855 St Marys Church of England, West Maitland. Married Annie Campbell  17.11 1882. Died 1945 North Sydney aged 90.

5. John born 1.7.1859.  Baptized 26.7.1859 St Marys Church of England, West Maitland. Died before Feb 1861

The family lived in High St, West Maitland where the present day Clints Crazy Bargains store is located.  George’s occupation is described as dealer on some of the above baptism records and as barber on the others.

George’s second wife was Matilda Evans who was exactly 21 years his junior (according to their grand-daughter Mrs Hain, she was  born in London on 19.11.1839). They were married at St Mary’s Church of England, West Maitland on 7.2.1861.  Their marriage certificate and the parish records state that Matilda’s parents were William Evans, a sea captain, and Matilda Smith. However the only immigration record for a Matilda Evans shows a 22 year old native of London arriving on the “Peter Maxwell” which departed Liverpool on 12.10.1857 and arrived Sydney 10.1.1858, whose parents (both dead) names were John and Sarah. Matilda’s death certificate would be of no assistance in this regard as according to the index her parents are both unknown.  According to Mrs Hain George and Matilda met when he returned to England and he brought her back to Australia with him but this seems a most unlikely scenario. Matilda died 26.11.1900 is buried in the Primitive Methodist section of Sandgate Cemetery with her Palmer descendants.

George and Matilda had 7 children namely

1. Anne born 4.1.1862 High St, West Maitland. Baptized 26.2.1862 St Marys Church of England, West Maitland. Married George Henry Wakely at St Marys Church of England, West Maitland on 9.6.1880. Died 31.10.1915 at Norfolk Avenue, Islington. An inquest was held and the Coroner’s finding was that the cause of death was Poison by Lysol self administered but no evidence to show whether wilfully or accidentally. She was buried at Sandgate Cemetery on 2.11.1915. For any further discussion on her descendants see the Wakely section of this web page.

2. William born 14.2.1864 High St, West Maitland. Baptized 13.3.1864 St Marys Church of England, West Maitland. Married Bridget Cahill 21.2.1883. It is not known when or where he died. N.S.W. birth indexes show four children George born 1.12.1883 died 26.8.1889 Wickham of tuberculosis, James R. born 1885 died 1886, Elizabeth b 1887 married 1910 to William Chambers and Hubert E. born 1890 married 1910 to Florence Adelaide Donaldson. William was a tailor. In 1888 his address was Darby St, Newcastle. On the 1909 Electoral Roll there is a Bridget Antcliff living in Sparks Lane, Newcastle. It could be that William and/or his descendants moved to Sydney and maybe further afield. Electoral records show Hubert Edgar Antcliffe (Setter) and his wife Florence Adelaide Antcliffe (Home duties) living at 12 Nelson St, Rozelle (Sydney) in 1916.Florence Donaldson had a five year old ex-nuptial son named Cyril when she married Herbert Edgar Antcliffe. They had seven children namely, Myra Constance, George William, Rita May, Irene, Herbert Edgar, Lorna Mary and Florence Adelaide.

3. James born 29.5.1866 High St, West Maitland. Baptized 24.6.1866 St Marys Church of England, West Maitland.  Married 1893 to Jeanie Hartley. Died 1915 when he fell off a tram while trying to get money for the fare from his pocket, and was run over by the following tram.

4. Robert  born 11.2.1869 High St, West Maitland. Baptized 28.2.1869 St Marys Church of England, West Maitland. Died Saturday 26.3.1887 Welcome Water Holes while working as a railway navvy on the building of the railway line from Cooktown to the Palmer River Goldfields. He was buried the following day at Welcome Creek and on Monday a Magisterial  inquiry was held at Cooktown.  The cause of death was found to be “Injury at fight with Benjamin Milton at Welcome Creek”.

5. Ada May born 7.2.1872 High St, West Maitland. Baptized 25.2.1872 St Marys Church of England, West Maitland. Married 1891 to Henry Palmer. Died 25.5.1944. Henry Palmer was born 1864 probably at Tomago. His parents George (son of Joel and Mary Palmer) and Louisa (daughter of James and Sarah Dabinett) and older siblings migrated from Drayton, Somerset in 1863 on the “Hotspur” to live with George Palmer’s brother-in-law James Marsh at Raymond Terrace. The extended Palmer family (Ada’s in-laws) lived at various addresses in the Newcastle suburb of Carrington for many years.  Ada May (home duties) and Harry Palmer (labourer) for many years lived at 49 Chinchin St, Islington (Newcastle) in close proximity to their four children, Annie Matilda May (born 1892, married David Johnstone Hailstone (labourer) 1911, died 23.11.1953), George Henry Arthur (born 1894, married Florence Ivy Stubberfield, died 1941), Archibald Harold Gordon (born 1902, married Sheila Palmer Francis 1941) and Henry William Warren (born 1904, married Vera Barton Crowley Lang 1926, died 3.5.1969)

6. Lily born 15.6.1875 Elgin St, West Maitland. Baptized 18.7.1865 St Marys Church of England, West Maitland. Lily lived in a de facto relationship and had five children namely Robert Arthur born 1897, Alma Alexandra Jones born 1901 died 1941, Rita Doris.May Jones born 1903, Albert Alexander Jones born 1906 and Percy Shylock Jones born 1912. They lived in Teralba Road, Adamstown and later moved to Elder St, Lambton.  Lily’s defacto was named Jones and he was a clerk. Some of her descendants live in Broken Hill and others are the Jones-Antcliffes.

7. Maude born 15.6.1875 Elgin St, West Maitland. Baptized 18.7.1875 St Marys Church of England, West Maitland.  The younger twin died of bronchitis on 6th November 1875 and is buried in the Antcliff family plot at the Church of England Cemetery, Campbells Hill, Maitland

George Antcliff gives his occupation as Barber on all the above birth and baptism registrations. In his will he describes himself as storekeeper and hairdresser. According to Mrs Hain, George Antcliff never worked. She said that he received quarterly payments from a Lord May in England and that her father James privately tutored until he was 18. His estate was worth £2500 a large sum of money in 1882. He bequeathed to Sarah his piano and a property in Elgin St, West Maitland on which was erected a brick shop and house used as a bakehouse by the Maitland Co-operative Baking Society. To Henry he gave his two adjacent premises in High St, West Maitland (opposite the junction of Bulwer St), one being a brick building and the other being a weatherboard building containing his hairdressers shop and general store and the family home. The rest of his estate was put into trust for Matilda and her children until the youngest child turned 21 and then it was divided equally between Matilda and the surviving children at that time. George Antcliff died on 8.7.1882 but his death was never registered so his cause of death is unknown.

Some of the grandchildren of Richard and Sarah will now be looked at in turn.

Richard James ANTCLIFF (6.3.1853 – 26.6.1904)

Richard learned the safe making trade from his Withers grandparents and uncles. Prior to his first marriage he lived with his aunt Lizzie Winkle who had taken over as forewoman of the Withers family safe manufacturing business in Roebuck St, West Bromwich  Two of Richard’s uncles also had safe manufacturing businesses in West Bromwich . Thomas Withers was in Bull St in 1871, Loveday St in 1881 and had died by 1891 and his son Joseph took over that business.  The other uncle Samuel born 1842 was in Roebuck St in 1881 and residing in Beeches Road in 1891.  In 1891 Lizzie Winkle still living in Roebuck St, gave her occupation as safe painter and her 18 year old son George was a safe lining maker.

On 6.4.1880 Richard married his first wife Ellen Wootten, a  23 year old soap powder packer of Ault St, West Bromwich. At the time of the 1881 Census they were living in Scotland Parade, West Bromwich. There is no record of any child being born to them between then and October 1884 when Richard migrated to Australia.  Nor is there any record of Ellen dying. According to immigration records Richard was single when he sailed from London on the “Duke of Westminster” arriving in Brisbane on 8.12.1884.

Richard’s second wife was Lizzie Dickenson also came from West Bromwich and they may well have known each other before they migrated separately to Australia. Lizzie sailed from London on the “Duke of Buccleuch” on 21.7.1885 and arrived in Brisbane on 23.9.1885. She was a Protestant who could read and write whose occupation was listed as Domestic servant.  At the time of the 1881 census her occupation was presswork i.e. a Presser at Balance Works. In Brisbane she obtained a job as a servant in the home of the Queensland Surveyor-General in Villiers St, New Farm and she refused to leave that job and get married until her younger sister Mary Anne had obtained a free passage to Brisbane as an assisted immigrant to come and take her place. A third sister, Phoebe migrated to Brisbane in 1891. The oldest sister Hannah remained in England. Their widowed mother Ann nee Evans had remarried and died in childbirth prior to Lizzie’s migration.

Richard and Lizzie were married at the Congregational Parsonage, Water St, South Brisbane on 29.8.1888. Richard stated that he was a bachelor. Lizzie had already demonstrated that she could produce a son having given birth to an illegitimate son William Kendrick Dickenson on  15.1.1881.  This child was still alive at the time of the 1881 Census but it not known what happened to him after that.

Richard and Lizzie had 3 children namely

1. Anne Louise birth not registered. Died 19.4.1890 Brisbane.

2. Elsie Rebecca born 21.1.1892 Brisbane. Died 24.8.1991 Brisbane.

3. Harry Herbert born 15.4.1894 Brisbane. Married Kate Florence Filer 25.11.1922 St Andrews Church of England, South Brisbane. Died 16.7.1964 Brisbane.

Having produced a son for Richard, Lizzie refused to have any more children.

When he first arrived in Australia, Richard worked as a safemaker for Arthur Lupton who had a small general engineering business in Brisbane. Then he set up his own business the Vulcan Safe Works in Elizabeth St(now Hayward St), Paddington, Brisbane.  He made waterproof fireproof and burglarproof safes.  To prove that his safes were waterproof he once left one in a tub full of water in Brisbane City Square for, 24 hours without any water entering it. The alternate version of this story is that the safe was put in the swamp which used to be where Brisbane City Hall now is. His main customer was the Queensland Colonial Government and his business prospered prior to Federation. His bought a large number of blocks of land around Brisbane. However he was forced to sell most of them after Federation when orders from the Queensland Government fell sharply. The only properties which he retained were the Elizabeth St works (which he had mortgaged his home to build), a building in Paddington rented to a bakery,  and a block of land on Macleay Island which has been passed down the male line to the only son each generation. After Richard died his widow and children lived in rented premises in French St, Paddington until 84 Ellena St, Paddington was built. Lizzie and Elsie then lived there until their respective deaths. The machinery in the workshop was sold to a stonemason named Grice and Lizzie took in laundry to make ends meet.

Harry Richard ANTCLIFF (1855- sometime after 1917)

Harry also learned the safe making trade from his Withers uncles.
 
Harry married three times. His first wife was Laura Constance Hopkins. They were married on 31.12.1884 in the parish church at Edgebaston, Birmingham. They had 6 children namely
 
1 Laura Winifred Annie born 31.1.1886.  Married 27.10.1917 to Thomas McDonald Bennett at Edgebaston.  They migrated to Australia and had two children, a daughter who is still alive and a son John Antcliff Bennett (12.10.1924-1984). Winnie died 23.8.1967.

2 Allan Harry  born 31.12.1889.  Married Gertrude 3.6.1917.  Died 1983. Allan   and Gertie had no children. They lived in Henley in Arden in Warwickshire.

3  Constance Jessie  born 7.10.1891.  Died 22.9.1968. She was known as Jessie and she was a school teacher.  She lived in Brixham in Devon.

4 Frank Richard  born 2.6.1893 Married Dorothy May Andrew 12.10.1916. Died 13.8.1992. Frank was the Principal of Leicester Technical College. In retirement he lived in Briston in Devon. He had three children, a son Peter Gerald Antcliff (18.5.1925-30.11.82) who was a twin, and two daughters who are still alive. Peter Gerald Antcliff never married and has no children.

5  Mabel who died as an infant.

6 Maurice James born 12.11.1896.  Married Doris Richards 1930.  Died 27.8.1991 Maurice was a chemical engineer who was a Director of Albright & Wilson a chemical company in Oldbury, Warwickshire. He lived in Beoley  Cross in Warwickshire. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemical Engineers.  He had a son and two daughters. Only one of the daughters married and she has two children.  The other daughter and son never married and have no children.

Laura Hopkins/Antcliff died and 1914. Harry’s second wife was a publican. She died shortly after the marriage and Harry Richard Antcliff remarried on 7.2.1917. The name of his third wife is not known.  They had a son born in 1917 who is still alive.

Harry Richard Antcliff is buried in Henley-in-Arden in Warwickshire.

Annie ANTCLIFF (14.11.1858-21.6.1943)

Annie married Walter Crossley Priestly on 21.8.1895 and they had two children Agnes (born 17.5.1896 died 24.5.1896) and Dorothy born 13.10.1898 Dorothy PRIESTLY was a science graduate who specialized in Botany.  She and her husband Stanley Oswald Gregory were Quakers. They met in England before Stanley went to China to take up the position of manager of Kelly & Walsh’s publishing business in Shanghai. Dorothy travelled to China on the Trans Siberian railway to marry Stanley.  They married in Canton (now Guangzhou) on 22.2.1932. Their daughter  was born in Shanghai in 1933 and their son was born in Hong Kong in 1937.  Dorothy and the two children left when Japanese aggression in the China region became worse, and came to Australia, arriving in Sydney in February 1941.  They stayed with Elsie Antcliff in Brisbane for approximately one year until Dorothy got a position as a teacher at a one teacher school on a property outside Yass.  They stayed there for approximately 18 months until Dorothy got a position at The Friends School in Hobart.  Meanwhile Stanley had been trapped in China by the Japanese and he spent the full duration of W.W.II there as a prisoner of war.  He arrived in Hobart on Christmas Day 1945. Sometime later he went to Sydney to find employment and the rest of the family followed at the end of 1946.  Dorothy died in Canberra in 1970.

Rebecca ANTCLIFF (26.5.1860 – 1950 or 1951)

Rebecca is the child who ended up working as a scullery maid in a London basement at the age of 9.  She had to stand on a box at the sink washing dishes from 6.00 a.m. to 10.00 p.m. At the time of the 1881 Census she  was working as a nurse/servant in the home of Frederick Haywood of Parsonage Road, Withington, Lancashire. She married a Mr Morton when she was middle-aged but was she was widowed shortly afterwards (he was crushed) and they never had any children.  Rebecca adopted a daughter (name unknown) but disowned her when she married someone that Rebecca did not approve of. At one time Rebecca worked as a matron of a children’s home in the Peak District. For 29 years from 1897 she kept the tuck shop at the end of Appleton Road, Hale, Lancashire (outer suburb of Manchester) and was well known to the boys of the nearby Wadham  House School. In her latter years she was almost blind and before going to bed each night she would knock on the fireplace so that the neighbour would come and check that everything was in order before she went to bed.

The above are children of Henry Antcliff and the following are children of George.

Sarah May ANTCLIFF (1.4.1852-June 1923)

Sarah married Tobias Miller in 1876.  According to his entry in  the 1888 Centenary Directory of the Hunter Valley he was born in 1843 in the North of Ireland (Armagh according to the birth certificate of his oldest son) and he migrated to New South Wales in 1857 (arrived Sydney 27.5.1857 aged 18 on the “Herefordshire” with his parents and three siblings) and came direct to Maitland.  In 1873 he set up his own business as a livery stable-keeper. On his oldest son’s birth certificate he describes himself as a bus proprietor (and gives his age as 32). In 1882 he took over the Garrick’s Head Hotel in High St, West Maitland. This is described as a two storey building with a 60 feet frontage.  The ground floor had a dining room, numerous sitting rooms and bar and the upper floor had many airy well-ventilated bedrooms and a balcony 10 feet wide running the whole length of the house overlooking High St.  At the rear were commodious stabling and other necessary outbuildings. He recorded that he was a member of the L.O.L. (high in the Order), I.O.O.F. and M.U.

Sarah and Tobias Miller had 4 children namely

1. Elizabeth Helena born 1877

2. George Tobias born 26.4.1879 West Maitland.  He was a butcher

3. William J. born 1884

4. Sarah J born 1885

According to Maitland Cemetery records Tobias Miller died on 2.7.1912 at the age of 76.

Electoral records for the first two decades this century show the extended Miller family living in Dawson St, Waratah. According to Mrs Hain they owned the Waratah-Newcastle horse drawn omnibus service but this is not confirmed by electoral records. She also said that Hollis Brothers boat builders of Marks Point were grandsons of Sarah Antcliff/Miller.

Henry/Harry ANTCLIFF (2.4.1855-1945)

Like his father Henry described himself as a hairdresser. He inherited the High St, Maitland properties. However he frequently moved residence.  At the time of the birth of his daughter Veronica the family lived in Raymond Terrace. At the time of the birth of the other children the family lived in Maitland. According to Mrs Hain, Harry owned a large store in Maitland which was burnt down and one of his children was killed, but there are no death records or news reports in the “Maitland Mercury” which confirm this. At the time of the 1901 census Henry lived in Little Bourke St, Maitland in a household which consisted of 1 male and 5 females. According to the 1909 Electoral Roll, Harry and his wife Annie lived in Catherine St, West Maitland and Harry’s occupation was independent means. By 1913 Henry and his family had moved out of Maitland. At the time of the death of their daughter Linda in November 1913 they were living at 204 Abercrombie St, Redfern.  Electoral records show that in 1916, Henry (hairdresser) and Annie (home duties) lived at 204 Abercrombie St, Redfern in Sydney as did their daughter Veronica Lillie (waitress). At the time of Annie’s death in 1919 they lived in Raglan St, Mosman. This is confirmed by electoral records for 1921 and 1922 which show them living at “Koree”, Raglan St, Mosman along with their daughters Muriel Clarice Elizabeth Antcliffe and Annie May Auld and son in law Alexander McAuslan Auld, an engineer. Henry described himself as retired.

Henry married Annie Campbell on 17.11.1882. According to Mrs Hain she came from the family after which Campbells Hill in Maitland is named. The had 7 children namely

1. George May born 1884 died before 1892

2. William John Russell born 1887 died 1887

3. Robert Vincent born  Sept 1888 died 15.5.1890

4. Annie born 1890. Married Alexander Auld 1913 in Redfern. Died 1940 in North Sydney. Believed to be the mother of Joseph Antcliff, bootmaker of Mosman.

5. Veronica Lily born 16.2.1892. Married Robert Schofield 1916 in Quirindi. The     Schofield family came from the Tamworth/Nundle/Quirindi area of New South Wales.   Veronica and Robert Schofield’s first child Theodore R. was born in 1916 in Glebe, Sydney. There were at least two further children, a daughter and a son. Veronica worked as a waitress and lived with her parents in Redfern, Sydney  prior to her marriage. The family moved around in the 1920’s and 1930’s living in Curlewis, Tamworth, Currabubula and Tamworth again before settling in Mosman.

6. Linda Emily Evelyn born 1894. Died 18.11.1913 of cancer of the thigh. Buried in the Roman Catholic cemetery, West Maitland.

7. Muriel Clarice Elizabeth born 1896. She was a nursing nun who worked at the Mater Hospital, Crows Nest in North Sydney.

James ANTCLIFF (29.5.1866-1915)

Electoral rolls show that he was at one time a carter and at another time a labourer and he and his family lived at 15 Council St, Newcastle. His wife Jeanie Hartley came out from Scotland to visit her brother in Merewether (Newcastle) and met and married James.  They were married in 1893 and had 12 children (and brought up a 13th) namely

1. James Hartley born 1893. Killed in action in France in 1917. His name appears on the war memorial outside Newcastle Post Office and on the memorial for surf lifesavers killed in W.W.I at Empire Park opposite Bar Beach in Newcastle. He was the first captain of the Cooks Hill Surf Lifesaving Club and is one of a number of members of the Antcliff family mentioned in a history of surf lifesaving in Newcastle published in the 1980’s. Before going off to war James was a moulder at A.A. Goninan & Co. railway carriage manufacturers in Newcastle.

2. Elsie born 1894 died 1989. She had an exnuptial child in 1913 married Cyril Wigglesworth in 1916 and had another child.

3. Alice May born 1897.  Married William Mallan 1926.  No children. Electoral records show that prior to her marriage she worked as a bookkeeper and her address was c/- C. Thomas, Cromwell St, North Lambton in Newcastle.

4. Christina Nerida born 1895 died Oct 1895. buried Sandgate Cemetery.

5. Ruby Adeline Matilda born 1900 died Dec 1900 buried Sandgate Cemetery

6. Grace born 1902. Known as Jean or Annie. Married 1923 to Robert Hain of the Hain family of Swan Murray & Hain auctioneers of Maitland. Died in the 1980’s.

7. Jessie Irene Phyllis born 1904 died Dec 1904 buried Sandgate Cemetery.

8. George Robert  born 1905 known as Dougal. Married Isobel McMaster 1933. No children.  He was a well known sportsman and surf lifesaver.

9. John Blake born 1907 married Sarah Eileen Tobin 1934. Died 10.8.1980.

10. Robert A. born 1908.  Married Edna Limeburner 1928. He had two children both of whom had twin daughters (and no other children in both cases)

11. A daughter who is still alive

12. A son who is still alive  (see child no. 2 above)

13. Alexander born 1913 died 1913 buried 4.8.1913 Sandgate cemetery

Some of the great grandchildren  of Richard and Sarah Antcliff will now be looked at in turn.

Elsie Rebecca ANTCLIFF (21.1.1892-24.8.1991)

Elsie left school at the age of 12 on the death of her father and went to work as a tailoress.She worked as a tailoress for 9 years for three different employers. On her 21st birthday she P.M.G telephonists exam and two years later she was called to join the P.M.G. (Post Master General’s Department – the forerunner of Telecom Australia). She worked for them as a telephonist for 43 years connecting all phonecalls and then long distance calls in the days before subscriber trunk dialling.  For many years she supervised men who earned more than her because equal pay for women had not yet been introduced. After retiring from the paid workforce she taught religious instruction in various school until the age of 90.  She and a friend decided that they’d never let a year pass without learning something new and went to adult education classes together.

Harry Herbert ANTCLIFF (15.4.1894-16.7.1964)

 Harry much of W.W.I manning a howitzer in France. This involved looking after the horse which pulled the howitzer, a task for which he had no training, having grown up in inner city Brisbane.  He spent some time visiting relatives in England while on convalescent leave. He enlisted on 22.7.1915 in Brisbane and on 11.10.1915 embarked from Australia. His enlistment  form shows that he was a member of the Commonwealth Rifle Club. He was a member of the 3rd Army Brigade.  He arrived in Cairo  on 12.11.1915.  On 9.2.1916 he was transferred to then Divisional Ammunition Dump at Serapeum. On 10.3.1916 he was transferred to the 21st Howitzer Brigade also at Serapeum and on 25.3.1916 he proceeded to join the British Expeditionary Force at Alexandria. The British Expeditionary Force disembarked at Marseilles on 1.4.1916 He was then transferred to the 3rd Field Artillery Brigade in France. On 7.8.1916 he was wounded in action in France He was evacuated from Boulogne to England on 13.8.1918 and admitted to the 1st Eastern General Hospital with a gunshot wound to the left hand, left arm, left leg and chest. He stayed there until 29.12.1916. On 27.1.1917 he marched out to Amesbury and on 28.1.1917 he marched in from Wareham. Records show that he was then a member of the Reserve Brigade Australian Artillery and on 20.3.1917 he proceeded overseas from Folkestone He landed in France at Etaples. On 4.4.1917 he marched out to the 1st Anzac Salvage Corps.  On 17.4.1917 he returned to hospital sick. At the end of the month he was in Rouen. On 28.5.1917 he was discharged to Base Details and then he proceeded to join Australian General Base depot Havre. On 12.6.1917 he marched out from there to the Field Artillery Brigade where he rejoined his unit. On 3.10.1917 he left Belgium for two weeks leave in England. He enjoyed a further four days leave in Paris in January 1918 where the highlight was a visit to the Palace of Versailles. He had a final period of leave in England from 19.10.1918 to 4.11.1918. After the Armistice he remained in France until 24.2.1919 when he returned to England and the Reserve Brigade Australian Artillery. He was promoted to Sergeant on 29.11.1918 and returned to Australia on the “Boonah” leaving England on 20.4.1919, stopping at Sardinia for a few days in early June and arriving in Australia 6.8.1919.

After the war Harry gained accountancy qualifications at night school and worked as an accountant. He married Kate Florence Filer (19.1.1896-22.11.1985) on 25.11.1922 and they had one son and three daughters. During W.W.II the family had their name listed with 3 organizations who found places for servicemen to visit when they had leave. Hundreds of  Australian and British soldiers visited them on Saturday or Sunday afternoon and their names are recorded in a Visitors Book.  Also during W.W.II Harry was a volunteer air raid warden in Brisbane.

Kate Filer’s father was a conductor on the Great Western Railway and her family lived in Bristol and then in Paddington, London prior to emigration to Australia in 1911. Kate’s father was sacked after he got drunk during his lunchbreak while working on a special excursion picnic train.  In 1913 Kate’s father died when he accidentally shot himself in the chest while attempting to kill a goanna in a tree in his backyard. He was about to fire a second shot at the iguana when it fell out of the tree and he turned the gun around and attempted to hit the reptile with the butt.

Kate and Harry took their family on a summer holiday each year. On some occasions they stayed in a guesthouse in northern N.S.W. However in 1936 they travelled from Brisbane to Adelaide via Brewarrina, Bourke and Broken Hill. Despite travelling well over a thousand miles on unsealed roads they suffered no punctures.  In Adelaide they stayed with Winnie and Tom Bennett and on a short trip to the beach they suffered two punctures.

One deceased great great grandchild of Richard and Sarah Antcliff will be looked at.

Allan James ANTCLIFF (21.12.1923-22.4.1985)

 Allan  was the only son of Harry Herbert Antcliff and Kate Florence Filer. He was dux of Brisbane Grammar School (there few government secondary schools in Queensland at the time) and came 13th in the State in his Senior Certificate and won one of the 18 scholarships available for study at the University of Queensland. He obtained a Bachelor of science majoring in Botany and then enlisted in the R.A.A.F. at the start of 1944. He spent two years as a trainee navigator and made three flights. In 1946 he returned to university to complete his Honours year. He spent his entire career working as a research scientist at C.S.I.R.O. Division of Horticulture, South Merbein near Mildura, Victoria. The first half of his career he spent developing improved clones of the sultana vine. After a one year sabbatical at Imperial College, London in 1962-3 the focus of his research switched to breeding new varieties of wine grapes suitable for Australian conditions. Those who have a glass of Tarango, Tullilah or Goyura wine (all made by Brown Bros. Of Milawa) are enjoying the fruits of his research. He was awarded a Doctorate of Agricultural Science by Queensland University in 1980 for his lifetime’s research. In 1983 he was made a Member of the Order of Australia for his services to horticulture. He published many research papers, a number of monographs, and co-authored “Wine Grapes of Australia” with George Kerridge.

Allan married in 1951 and had four daughters and one son.